3.1 The Persistence of Memory / Dali clock / Dali memory
3.2 Dali The Elephants / Swans Reflecting Elephants
3.3 Dali Rose / Meditative Rose
3.4 The Soft Construction with Boiled Beans-Premonition of Civil War
3.5 Christ of Saint John of the Cross
3.6 Dali Last Supper
3.7 Dali Narcissus
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Salvador Dali Paintings
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(1904.5.11 - 1989.1.23)
Full name is Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali I Domenech, was often spelled as Dali Salvator, Salvadore Dali, Dali Salvadore, Dali Salvatore.
The artist was born on May 11, 1904 in Figures, a small agricultural town, in Spain. In Dali paintings shows his love of this area of Spain.
Salvador Dali was a master of surrealism. Together with Picasso and Matisse, they are referred as the three most representative painters in 20th century. The strange and dreamful paintings by Dali are famous for the exploration of subconscious images. Salvador Dali was very active in his childhood and youth, which was important for his later career. His relationship with his parents and wife was crucial to the formation of the style of Dali art.
Similar to Picasso, some paintings Salvador Dali are antiwar
masterpieces. The surrealist was regarded as the greatest religious painter in
20th century because of Dali artwork such as The Sacrament of the Last Supper and
Christ of Saint John of the Cross.
Analysis of Paintings by Dali
-- Author: Lewis L., Toperfect Director.
Oil painting on canvas，24x33cm, is collected in Dali gallery New York Modern Museum. Painted in 1931, The Persistence of Memory is usually called as Dali Clock, is a typical expression of early super-realistic style. The Salvador Dali painting shows a void beach where a horse-like monster lies. Beside the monster is a platform with a withered tree. The most surprising point of The Persistence of Memory lies in the weak Dali clocks.
They hanging on the branches, lying on the platform or draping over the back of the monster, seem to be fatigued to the extreme after a long
journey of time. Salvador Dali admitted that The Persistence of Memory
performed the dream world and megrim proclaimed by Freud and the artwork was a
record of his dream. The artist Dali once went to the mental institution to know the
consciousness of the mental patients. Dali believed that their opinions and
actions were truly reflections of their subconscious world. Perhaps the charming
of surrealistic paintings by Dali, The Persistence of Memory,
is to give the audiences a chance to experience the
liberation from the realistic world like a mental patient.
Flaccid shapes, anamorphous and double-sided figures producing a
trompe-l'œil effect combine in these paintings of Dali to create an
extraordinary universe where the erotic and the scatological jostle with a
fascination for decay - a universe that is reflected in other paintings Salvador Dali.
1, The Elephants Dali
Oil painting on canvas
The Elephants, is called Los Elefantes in Spanish.
Dalí Elephants continues his theme of using spider-legged Elephants.
Elephants Dali is also a recurring image in works of Dali. It first appeared in the oil painting Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening in 1944. Dali elephants portrayed "with long, multijointed, almost invisible legs of desire" along with obelisks on their backs. Coupled with the brittle legs, these encumbrances create a sense of phantom reality. One analysis thought that Dali elephants are distortion in space, its spindly legs contrasting the idea of weightlessness with structure.
Salvador Dali painting pictures which made him die for joy, the artist was creating with an absolute naturalness, without the slightest aesthetic concern, he was making things that inspire him with a profound emotion and he was trying to paint them honestly.
2, Swans Reflecting Elephants
Oil on canvas
Dimensions 51 cm × 77 cm (20.08 in × 30.31 in)
This Salvador Dali artwork is from his Paranoiac-critical period.
As with Metamorphosis of Narcissus shown at Dali gallery, Swans Reflecting Elephants uses the reflection to create the double image seen in a lake. In the picture of art Dali, the three swans in front of bleak, leafless trees are reflected in the lake, the swans' heads become the elephants' heads, but the trees become the bodies of elephants Dali. A Catalonian landscape depicted in fiery fall colors in the background of the Salvador Dali art. To contrast with the stillness of the water, Salvator created swirls in the cliffs that surround the lake.
Painted using oil on canvas, Salvador Dali works contain one of his famous double images that were a major part of his "paranoia-critical method". Dali quotes said, "spontaneous method of irrational understanding based upon the interpretative critical association of delirious phenomena." Salvadore Dali used this method to bring forth the hallucinatory forms, double images and visual illusions that filled Dali Salvador paintings during the 1930s.
Dali Salvadore uses a common image in some of earlier works to be the dominant. Dali Rose symbolized sexual organs and menstruation as dealing with female sex. We know that the red color is used for passion and can also be association with death. Maybe the artist had the idea of using it to symbolize the love of the couples at bottom of the art by Dali.
The contrast of the red color against the blue sky in Dali Salvador art really signifies the intense passion of the couples' relationship. The drop of water on the petal in Dali rose symbolizes the reality of the the intensity of the relationship. Possibly this Salvador Dali artwork was to show his love for Gala.
Picasso Guernica to accuse of the Spanish Civil War, but also rivals the paintings accusing of wars by Goya. Art Salvador Dali The Soft Construction with Boiled Beans--Premonition of Civil War is also setting in the landscape of Dali's hometown. Salvador Dali depicted an extremely contorted and fragmented monster to symbolize the cruel of the war. The so-called “Boiled Beans” is likely to refer to the legend of ancient Catalonian offered sacrifices to the god.
This is an elaborate masterpiece of surrealism Dali and people regard it as the greatest religious painting in 20th century. The greatest feature of this Salvador Dali artwork is its special point of view, which looking at Jesus from the top of the cross to the bottom without seeing his face, this is a historical creation. The landscape, including the boats, overlooked by Jesus is a scene taken from Salvador Dali’s hometown Galilee.In the art Dali Christ of Saint John of the Cross Jesus is healthy and strong, no pains, no nail mark even no blood. Dali salvatore found a famous well-built man in Hollywood, and took him a photo from the top as the model of his painting. Salvador Dali said the conception of Christ of Saint John of the Cross was gotten from his dream. His dream hinted that the nail marks, brambles and blood would obstruct the portrayal of Jesus.
Oil painting on canvas
Dimensions 267 cm × 166.7 cm (105 in × 65.6 in)
Location National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
After nine months of hard work, Salvidor Dali finished The Sacrament of the Last Supper, and remains one of the most famous Dali paintings.
The combination of classic Christian theme, Last Supper, with the jarring techniques of Surrealism captures the eye, as he was able to do repeatedly with such works of surrealism Salvador Dali. Since Dali Last Supper arrived at the Dali Gallery in 1955, it replaced Renoir painting as the most popular piece in the museum.
Oil on canvas
Dimensions 51.1 cm × 78.1 cm (20.12 in × 30¾ in)
Location Tate Modern, London
Dali Narcissus shows Narcissus sitting in a pool and gazing down. Not far away there is a decaying stone figure which corresponds closely to Dali Narcissus but is perceived quite differently; as a hand holding up a bulb or egg from which a Narcissus is growing. The egg has been used as a symbol for sexuality in other Salvador Dali surrealism. A group of naked figures can be seen in the background of Salvador Dali work, while a third Dali Narcissus like figure appears on the horizon.
Early life of Dali autobiography
In 1916, Dalí discovered modern painting on a summer vacation trip. After 3 years, Salvado Dali had his first public exhibition at the Municipal Theater in Figueres in 1919.
In February 1921, Dalí's mother died of breast cancer.
Salvador Dali autobiography in Madrid and Paris
In 1922, the artist moved into the Residencia de Estudiantes in Madrid and studied at the School of Fine Arts, Academia de San Fernando. In those days, Selvador Dali wore in the style of English aesthetes of the late 19th century with long hair and sideburns, coat, stockings, and knee-breeches.
Dali the artist experimented with Cubism in his paintings, earned him the most attention from his fellow students.
Dalí was expelled from the Academia in 1926 because that he was accused of starting an unrest before his final exams. The mastery skills of Dali famous paintings was evidenced by his realistic still life. And he met Pablo Picasso in Paris, whom the young Dalí revered. Picasso had already heard favorable reports about Dalí from Joan Miró. As Dali style was developed over the next few years, a number of Dali's paintings were heavily influenced by Picasso and Miró.
Some trends in Dali sculpture were already evident in the 1920s, it continued throughout Salvador Dali life. The artist devoured influences from many styles of art from the most academically classic, to the most cutting-edge avant garde. His classical influences included Raphael, Bronzino, Francisco de Zurbarán, Vermeer, and Velázquez. Dali artist used both classical and modernist techniques, sometimes in separate pictures by Dali, and sometimes combined. Exhibitions of Dali Salvador paintings in Barcelona attracted much attention along with mixtures of praise and puzzled debate from critics.
Influenced by 17th-century Spanish master painter Diego Velázquez, Dali painter grew a flamboyant moustache.
Salvador Dali life in 1929 to World War II
Dalí met his future wife Gala in August 1929. Salvador Dali artist had exhibitions and officially joined the Surrealist group in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris. Dali famous paintings had already been heavily influenced by surrealism for two years.
Dalí and Gala were married in 1934 in a semi-secret civil ceremony and later remarried in a Catholic ceremony in 1958.
1934 one exhibition of paintings by Dali was held in New York, including Salvador Dali clocks titled Persistence of Memory in which created an immediate sensation.
The most Surrealist artists had become associated with leftist politics, but Salvador Dalí didn't so that he was subjected to a "trial" in 1934, and finally was formally expelled from the Surrealist group. To this, Dali Salvator quotes is "I myself am surrealism".
In 1936, paintings of Dali were shown on London International Surrealist Exhibition. Dali works became famous at Julien Levy's gallery in New York City in the same year.
Salvadore Dali unveiled his 3D artwork Rainy Taxi consisting of an actual automobile with two mannequin occupants in 1938.
Dali biography during World War II
Dali the artist and Gala retreated to the United States and lived for eight years during World War II.
In 1942, he published Dali autobiography, The Secret Life of Salvador Dalí. In 1943 he wrote catalogs for his exhibitions including at the Knoedler Gallery in New York.
Salvador Dali biography - Later years in Catalonia
Since 1949 Dalí spent his remaining years back in Catalonia. In 1959, an exhibit called Homage to Surrealism celebrated the fortieth anniversary of Surrealism, contained paintings Salvador Dali, Joan Miró, and more surrealists.
Dali Salvadore did not confine himself to oil painting, but experimented with many unusual or novel media and processes, for example, he made bulletist works. Dali artist was among the first to employ holography. In the later years of Dali Salvatore life Andy Warhol proclaimed Dalí an important influence on pop art.
After World War II, artist Dali bore the hallmarks of technical virtuosity and became an increasingly devout Catholic.
In 1982, King Juan Carlos bestowed on Dalí the title of Marqués de Dalí de Púbol, Púbol is the place where he lived.
Salvador Dali Death
After Gala's death in 1982, Dalí lost much of his will to live.
There have been allegations that some blank canvases was signed by Salvador Dali under the force of his guardians. Even after Salvador Dali death, these Dali artwork forgeries were sold at some galleries as originals.
Salvador Dali died of heart failure at Figueres at the age of 84, in 1989. Coming full circle, Dalí is buried in the crypt of his Teatro Museo in Figueres where is three blocks from the house where artist Salvador Dali was born.