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Bonington was born in 1802 near Nottingham,
England. In about 1817, his family
moved to Calais, France. In 1818, he
went to Paris, where he met Eugene Delacroix and made
Richard Parkes Bonington watercolors copies of Dutch and Flemish
landscapes in the Louvre. In 1821-1822,
Richard Parkes Bonington studied under
Antoine-Jean Gros at the Ecole des
Beaux-Arts. First Richard Parkes Bonington paintings, mostly
sketches of Le Havre and Lillebonne, were exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1822.
The painter also began to work
in lithography, illustrating Baron Taylor’s
Voyages. In 1824, Rhe
won a gold medal at the Paris Salon.
He traveled all over France and especially
in Normandy, Richard Parkes Bonington painting coastal landscapes and
seaport scenes Coast of Picardy (1823-1824),
French River Scene with Fishing Boats
(1824), A Boat Beached in a Port at Low Tide
(1825); Richard Parkes Bonington also went to England and
Scotland, occasionally accompanied by
his friend Eugène Delacroix, in whose studio
he later worked. In 1826,
Richard Parkes Bonington painter visited Venice, where he was
deeply impressed by Veronese and Canaletto:
St. Mark's Column in Venice (c.1826-1828),
The Doge's Palace, Venice (1827), Piazza San
Marco, Venice (1827). From 1824 Richard
Parkes Bonington experimented increasingly in romantic
subjects taken from history and studied
armor. Best-known Richard Parkes Bonington paintings on historical subjects
followed: Francis I and Marguerite of Navarre, Henri III and the English
Ambassador (1827-1828), Venice. The Grand Canal (1827).
John Constable, was one of the English
artists whose landscapes were highly
regarded in France. The painter was among the first
artists in France to paint Richard Parkes Bonington watercolors
outdoors rather than in studio. his
approach to nature as well as his
technique stimulated the Barbizon artists
and – with Eugene Isabey, Eugene Boudin and
Johann Barthold Jongkind as intermediaries –
paved the way for Impressionism.
Bonington died of tuberculosis in London,
only 26 years old.